[The Times of India has claimed that the following excerpt is from a 2014 interview with the leader of the Communist Party of India (Maoist). It gives some insight to the thinking of Maoists on the struggle against the aggressive Narendra Modi regime. — Frontlines ed.]
Interview with CPI(Maoist) General Secretary Comrade Ganapathy
NEW DELHI: In an interview to Maoist Information Bulletin (MIB), an internal journal of the CPI(Maoist), party general secretary Comrade Ganapathy, speaks of how Maoists hope to fight the Narendra Modi government’s aggressive offensive and how it is a priority to protect the party’s top leaders.
This interview, accessed by TOI, of the top Maoist leader was taken five months after the Modi government came to office last year, on the occasion of 10th anniversary of the formation of the united party and it is the last one he has given since. Excerpts:
Q: The NDA government is implementing the imperialist agenda and RSS is speedily spreading its Hindutva tentacles. Home minister Rajnath Singh has stressed that the Indian State still considers the Maoists as the biggest internal security threat. That the fascist offensive has been stepped up on all fronts is obvious. How does the party plan to fight this back?
A: The government has intensified policies of Liberalisation-Privatisation-Globalisation, pursued by successive governments since 1990s. In fact, Modi and BJP has been installed at the helm of government by big capitalists precisely for carrying out these policies faster and more aggressively than the previous UPA government. Therefore a ‘weak’ Manmohan Singh was replaced by a ‘strong’ Narendra Modi.
The aggressive neo-liberal policies of the government will intensify hardships of workers, peasants, government employees and various sections like women, students and the youth. Attacks on Muslims will increase. Atrocities on Dalits is on the rise. The stranglehold on people will tighten… To deflect the consequent anger of masses, Sangh Parivar will resort to fanning up jingoism and false talk of nationalism. The drumming-up of big-nation chauvinism in support of NDA’s aggressive expansionist policies would generate opposition from people. We need to intervene in such issues.
The aggressive promotion of Modi’s ‘development’ agenda will result in displacement on an unprecedented scale. Adivasis will find their existence threatened. This will bring forward mass struggles. We should actively intervene in these.
These attacks on people will be accompanied by more draconian laws. Laws are being modified to suit imperialists, big landlords and bureaucratic capitalists, to take away the livelihood of people. We must energetically intervene in such issues. There is good potential for strengthening civil rights movements in a broad manner.
Q: Third phase of Operation Green Hunt has begun. How is the party preparing for it?
A: Declaring large bounties on heads of the leadership, announcing new surrender policies, increasing the amount of compensation for counter-revolutionary elements punished by the people, fake reform and civic action programmes, are being intensified. Some new aspects introduced in the third phase are use of air force for transport of forces for combat operations and closer collaboration with the US and Israel in the use of advanced drone/UAV technology.
Our response needs to be tempered with an understanding of the particularity of OGH third phase. The enemy is concentrating its efforts to decimate the strongholds. By bringing quantitative and qualitative changes to its offensive, the enemy seeks to destroy the party, the army and the emerging organs of new democratic power. Though aimed at the Maoist movement, they will not target the Maoists alone. This war on people will certainly extend to all the oppressed sections.
Whether it is Narendra Modi, Rajnath Singh, Arun Jaitley, Venkaiah Naidu, Nitin Gadkari, or any other representative of the government, they are saying one thing to befool the people and doing its complete opposite. We will have to resolutely confront and defeat this attack by uniting with all the sections that will be adversely affected. For this, our policies and tactics should be such that all democratic, progressive, secular and patriotic forces rally together in favour of the people and oppose and fight back Modi’s reactionary policies and particularly the third phase of OGH. The parliamentary ‘left’ too will be forced to come forward to take up people’s issues and oppose this enemy offensive in their own way in order to retain its relevance. It should come forward to join this fight.
Q: What are the challenges today? How do you overcome them?
A: First, preserving our subjective forces, particularly the strategic leadership of the party. Since the formation of the new party, we have lost a considerable number of party leaders at all levels starting from the central committee to the village level party committees. We have identified the preservation of existing subjective forces from enemy attacks as one of the foremost tasks before the party.
Second, the movement has weakened in the rural plains and urban areas. It is a challenge before us to revive and expand the movement in areas where our party have been present for long but weakened over time… we need to expand to newer areas and open new battlefronts.
Third, Brahmanical Hindu fascist forces have come to power at the centre, which reflects a further consolidation of the ideology, politics and culture of the feudal and reactionary forces. International finance and bureaucratic bourgeoisie backed Modi-led BJP to power, which was complimented by communal polarization in some places engineered by the Sangh Parivar. BJP is implementing country-selling policies at a breakneck pace catering to the needs of foreign and Indian big capitalists while at the same time advancing the Hindu-fascist agenda in various forms. This will provide new avenues for uniting all democratic, progressive, secular and patriotic forces in struggle.
Fourth, the world situation is becoming increasingly favourable for revolution. The world economy is still reeling under a serious crisis and the fundamental contradictions in the world are sharpening. Consequently, revolutionary, democratic and national liberation forces are gaining strength… Maoist forces too are consolidating. But at the same time, socialist bases no longer exist…
Q: Why did the party feel the need for a Bolshevisation campaign? What results are you expecting?
A: Our party issued a call in 2013 to Bolshevise the party. It would take some more time to complete it and only then we can assess how successful it was. The reasons for taking up this campaign are : (1) There is a change in enemy’s countrywide offensive. It has intensified; (2) There were severe losses to the party and the movement is now facing a very difficult situation; (3) Comrades from peasant and middle class background form a majority in the party and so there is a need for enhancing proletarian outlook in the party; (4) our shortcomings in studying and formulating appropriate tactics according to the significant economic and political changes that have occurred in the society and in revolutionary war; and (5) There are some serious non-proletarian trends within the party. We are expecting this campaign to steel the comrades so that they can display consciousness to face the most difficult situations, hardships and risks that may come up in the course of the revolution and heighten their preparedness to gallantly fight the enemy. Last but not least, we expect that it would enable us to defend our forces, particularly the higher level leadership and the movement from the offensives of the enemy.