Nepal: Leader of post-people’s-war ‘bourgeois electoral’ road wins Prime Minister post

Nepal elects Maoist PM who vows to end deadlock

By Deepak Adhikari (AFP)

UCPN(M) Party Chairman Dahal with new Prime Minister Bhattarai

UCPN(M) Party Chairman Dahal with new Prime Minister Bhattarai

KATHMANDU — Senior Maoist party leader Baburam Bhattarai was elected as Nepal’s prime minister on Sunday in the latest attempt to form a stable government after extended political uncertainty.

The outgoing prime minister Jhalanath Khanal took the job only in February when the role had been vacant for seven months in a power struggle following the ten-year civil war that ended in 2006.

Bhattarai, the vice chairman of Maoist party, won the vote after securing the support of the Samyukta Loktantrik Madhesi Marcha, a loose alliance of five regional parties from the country’s southern plains.

Maoist rebels fought the central government in a bloody conflict during which 16,000 died before turning to mainstream politics and winning elections in 2008.

However they do not have enough seats to govern alone and struggled to hold together the Maoist-led government that fell in 2009. Continue reading

Nepal: Maoist Struggle over Direction and Goals affects everything: “Maoist cultural wing splits”

by KIRAN PUN, http://www.myrepublica.com/

Samana Pariwar

KATHMANDU, Aug 13: The recent efforts within the UCPN (Maoist) to end the continuing intra-party feud seems to have fallen apart, with a split in the party´s top cultural group – Samana Pariwar — on Friday.

Members of Samana Pariwar close to party Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal formed a separate cultural group, splitting from the group dominated by Senior Vice Chairman Mohan Baidya.

The faction of the cultural group close to Baidya was in Birtanagar for its cultural campaign “Saman Jansangeet Abhiyan” when the Dahal-faction announced a parallel group in Kathmandu. Continue reading

NepalNews.com: “Bhattarai is next PM, claims Maoist leader”

[Baburam Bhattarai, a leading figure of Nepal’s UCPN(M), is known as the most unabashed advocate of the abandonment of the People’s War five years ago, and of a whole series of conciliatory moves toward imperialist powers and international capital.  In a visit to the United States, he even offered dropping the “Maoist” from his party’s name, in exchange for business deals and investments.  Last week, the conservative Indian newspaper The Business Standard interviewed Bhattarai.  “Q: In retrospect, what are the mistakes you think you may have made? A: When we came to power, we should not have continued to act like an insurgent group.”

Yesterday, NepalNews.com issued the following article, in which his supporters proclaimed Bhattarai as the next Prime Minister of Nepal because he enjoys wide support from “the international community.”  Tomorrow, the UCPN(M)’s Standing Committee meets.  Perhaps further clarity will emerge. — Frontlines ed.] 

Wed, 01.06.11 17:51

Maoist politburo member Devendra Poudel has claimed that party’s vice chairman Baburam Bhattarai will lead the upcoming ‘consensus government’.

Baburam Bhattarai (File photo)
Baburam Bhattarai (File photo)

Speaking at the Reporters’ Club Wednesday, Poudel, a Bhattarai loyalist, revealed that serious initiation has been already started within the Maoist party to form Bhattarai. The party should also field a candidate who is acceptable to all, he added.

“Over 80 percent Nepali people want to see Bhattarai as Prime Minister and he enjoys huge support of the international community,” he claimed.

Saying that the current Jhala Nath Khanal-led government can’t transform into a national consensus government, he suggested PM Khanal to pave the way for consensus by resigning as soon as possible by respecting the five-point deal. Continue reading

Nepal PLA Integration with National Nepal Army: UCPN(M) formally agree to Army-proposed modality

[Maoist Revolutionaries in the UCPN(M) are questioning and challenging this week’s agreement–is it more of a surrender or defeat than a successful peace move and step forward? — Frontlines ed.]
———————————————————–
KAMAL DEV BHATTARAI

KATHMANDU, MAY 19 –

The UCPN (Maoist) on Thursday formally decided to accept the modality offered by Nepal Army—a separate directorate within the Army for the integration of its former combatants.

The party’s Standing Committee took the decision after its proposal for a separate or a mixed force for the combatants was rejected by the Nepali Congress and the CPN-UML.  The decision comes amid growing pressure on Maoist Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal and Prime Minister Jhala Nath Khanal to expedite the peace process before the May 28 deadline of the Constituent Assembly.

The Standing Committee decided that the proposal to set up the Directorate of National Development and Security forwarded by Nepal Army early this year was “an appropriate” integration modality.

Dahal went ahead with his proposal with support from Vice Chairman Baburam Bhattarai and Narayan Kaji Shrestha. This left the hardliners in the party fuming. Continue reading

Nepal Maoists: As peace moves sputter, revolutionaries press key issues

Internecine war: Baidya tries to corral Maoist chief Dahal

KAMAL DEV BHATTARAI

KATHMANDU, MAY 24 –
Amid intense negotiations between Nepali Congress and the Maoists, the internal party manoeuvrings of the Maoist hardliners is likely to affect their party’s position at the negotiating table. The UCPN (Maoist) faction led by Vice Chairman Mohan Baidya has begun a signature drive to put pressure on Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal to stop him from conceding further ground to other parties on integration and other contentious issues in the new constitution.

Leaders close to Baidya say that they are prepared to cross the floor if the CA extension comes at ‘too high a cost’. “If Dahal offers to agree to NC’s conditions on integration to extend the CA, we will cross the floor and ultimately quit the party,” threatened a leader close to Baidya. Even leaders close to Dahal and Vice Chairman Baburam Bhattarai camps admit that Baidya has the support of over 85 lawmakers and a strong position within the PLA. The hardliners accuse Dahal of “selling out” and have objected to the approach on peace and constitution taken by Dahal. While Bhattarai and Dahal are busy negotiating with other parties, the hardliners are holding meetings of their cadres and rallying them against Dahal’s position. “For now, the signature campaign is aimed at demonstrating our strength in the CA and PLA,  but if he continuously ignores our concerns we will be compelled to take extreme steps, including leaving the party,” said a leader in the Baidya camp.

The hardline faction also wants see the continuity of the Khanal government, while Dahal has said he is open to an alternative if there is a broad agreement on power-sharing and other issues. The hardliners’ grouse against the party establishment is not new. During the party plenum last November, Baidya had threatened to quit the party if Dahal failed to mend his working style. The Baidya faction had registered a note of dissent when the party’s Central Committee passed the line of peace and constitution and when the Standing Committee agreed on the NA proposal on integration.

Nepal: Kiran’s (Baidya’s) Challenge to Dahal (Prachanda)

[In the recent Central Committee meeting of the UCPN(M) in Nepal, the rightist parliamentarian line of the Party Chairman Dahal was being consolidated while Kiran (Baidya) raised and struggled for an opposing political proposal.  Those who are struggling to understand the two line struggle in Nepal, which has been sharply debated ever since, 5 years ago, since the ending of the People’s War, will find this paper by Kiran an essential contribution toward understanding this juncture. — Frontlines ed.]

Political Proposal of  Comrade  Kiran

‘The immediate political proposal’ presented by comrade chairman in the
politburo meeting held on April 20, 2011 and also in the present central
committee meeting is against the fundamental spirit of the political line
adopted by the central committee meeting held soon after the Palungtar
extended meeting. Expressing my dissenting opinion on chairman’s proposal,
I, therefore, would like to present a separate political proposal in this
committee.

1. Two main problems at present

The country is now in a grave political crisis.  We have now two main
problems: They are: problems related to class struggle or national struggle
and problem related to two-line struggle in the party. The problem
concerning national struggle is related to the problem in correctly
identifying the class enemy and the problem in effectively advancing the
struggle against it. Now the reactionaries, on the one hand, are conspiring
to convert our party- Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)- into a
reformist and status-quoist party by pushing it to the grand parliamentary
quagmire and should this plan fail, they are plotting to resort to
suppression against our party, one the other. We must understand this truth
properly. In the same way, the two-line struggle in the party is getting
complicated and this is also the expression of class struggle. We also must
be serious on the issue of properly understanding the two-line struggle and
advancing it in a comradely manner.

Now families of martyrs, families of disappeared warriors, and injured and
disabled warriors are expecting from our parties to realize their
aspirations and dreams of liberation. The entire Nepali people including
workers, peasants, women, dalits ( oppressed), janajaties ( nationalities)
Muslims and all backward people and classes as well as the international
proletarian class, too, are watching at our party as a centre of hope for
their bright future. We must pay our attention to all these factors.

A true communist party and its leaders must seek scientific solution to
these problems. Otherwise, the validity and justification of such leadership
would automatically come to an end. We must be very serious on this issue.

2.   On Chairman’s proposal

The political proposal presented by comrade chairman is against the
fundamental spirit of the political line and policies based on the political
proposal adopted by the central committee which was a continuation of the
sixth extended meeting of the central committee held in Palungtar. Continue reading

Nepal: “Let us raise the flag of revolution high”

[This article by Rishi Raj Baral is a detailed commentary on the recent and current events within the Maoist party in Nepal, the UCPN(M),  on the occasion of the current central committee meeting.  This meeting will, by many accounts, bring to an end the two-line inner-party struggle.  This struggle over strategic line and direction has been conducted over the years since the conclusion of the People’s War (five years ago) and its replacement by the Comprehensive Peace Agreement to share governmental administrative power with the bourgeois parties.  This article provides a detailed narrative of events leading to the present, and provides the author’s assessment of the juncture now reached. We urge all friends of the revolution in Nepal and all concerned about this juncture for the international movement, to study this article. — Frontlines ed.]

by Rishi Raj Baral, convener of Revolutionary Intellectual–Cultural Forum, Nepal

The central committee meeting of UNCP( Maoist) is going on and there is a sharp debate and discussion upon the document of Pushpa Kamal Dahal and Comrade Mohan Baidhya. In the name of party’s decision Dahal group may succeed to gain the technical majority. Then it is clear, it will be the betrayal of the revolution and deceit to the party workers and cadres.Now, it is crystal clear that there is nothing but a little bit faith on revolution in the mind of Pushpa Kamal Dahal. After all  ‘Prachanda’ came out in his real color.

Before the PLA ceased military operations in 2006, the people's war was successfully leading the peasantry in over three-fourths of the country, breaking the chains of feudal oppression and beginning to establish the instruments of popular governance and power.

Chunwang meeting was not only a predetermined plan to abandon revolution, the people’s war but also was the abandonment of Marxism–Leninism and Maoism. In fact, Chunwang meeting was the preparation for bourgeois political system and  so called democracy. It also proved that Prachanda can adopt and accept every thing, is even ready to make close contact with the reactionary powers outside the country for the sake of his own interests and for exercising power. It has been clear that he will not hesitate even to betray the heroic and sacrificial history of the Nepalese people for his personal interest and power. It is obvious that his slogan of nationalism and national independence is a mere show and a rubbish propaganda. Publicly, he opposes the Indian expansionist, but in reality he is the supporter of Indian expansionist.

In the name of creativity, Prachanda is always thinking of ways to gain more power. Like a chameleon changing its color, sometimes he pretends himself as a revolutionary and becomes close to revolutionary leaders within the party and sometimes he becomes close to reformists and revisionists (most of the time he makes his closeness to the reformists and revisionism of the party)  within the party to remain constantly in the party leadership. There should not be any confusion that in general, Prachanda seems to be a centrist–opportunist but in fact, he is a rightist– reformist. During the people’s war, after the conspiratorial capture of Comrade Mohan Baidhya, Prachanda enjoyed his time with the revisionists of the party. Then he compromised with Indian expansionists. Continue reading