Historic background on the revolutionary movement in Manipur

The contemporary Manipuri Society is a Colonial and semi-feudal under the modification form of control and exploitation in the name of Democracy.

The fact derives from an objective study of the development of the socio-economic and political system ever since the British colonial period to the present Indian contrail system. When the British colonialist occupied Manipur in 1891, Manipur society was transformed into the semi feudal and colonial society in Manipur. In 1947 The British colonialist were compelled to give up their direct rule over our country, the power was transferred to their political props including king and others compradors big bourgeoisies, big landlords. After 1947, Manipur society was again transformed in to semi colonial and semi feudal society. In 1949, Indian colonialist conquered Manipur and Manipur society again transformed into colonial and semi feudal society. Ever since then the Indian colonialist adopted direct colonial rule with the notification from of neocolonial model of control and exploitation in the name of Democracy.

The colonialist depends on the Manipuri compradors who have been nurtured by them since their very inception from the British colonial period.

Manipur, the small but the beautiful home to more then thirty fraternal ethnics groups, is a historical state having a rewarded history of more than 2000 years. In her long history Manipur never became a part of India. Manipur was a recognized Asiatic state when the British imperialist invaded and occupied it in 1891. The British crown in its own wisdom, however, did not annex Manipur to their British Indian emperor. After 56 years British de-colonialist Manipur and regain her sovereign independence on 14th August 1947. Continue reading

Nagaland rights activist exposes India’s Armed Forces Special Powers Act

[At the end of this article, we are running a news report from May 2010 on the brutal suppression of a demonstration of Naga people by Manipur’s police commandos (see picture at left), who coordinate their actions with the Indian army. Nagaland and Manipur are two of the seven small states in northeast India that are occupied, as is Kashmir, by the Indian army and are fighting for self-determination.–Frontlines ed]

Sanhati, November 15, 2010

Misguided or Deliberate Policy: Armed Rebellion and Political Conflict

By Neingulo Krome

[This paper was presented in a Seminar on “Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act” during the Festival of Hope, Justice and Peace held at Imphal from November 2 – 6, 2010. The author is a former Secretary General of NPMHR]

At the outset I want to thank the Just Peace Foundation for giving us this opportunity of deliberating issues of common concern in a most befitting and elaborate manner, commemorating it with the completion of 10 years of Irom Sharmila’s Fast unto Death against one of the most draconian and anti-democratic law in India. In this aspect, I also want to salute Ms Irom Sharmila for her courage and ability to demonstrate the highest humanly possible sacrifice for the cause of not only the “ten slaughtered civilians at Malom Village” by personnel of the Indian Security Forces, but for humanity as a whole.

Am sure, when she decided to protest to demand the removal of the AFSPA, she did not do it for fame or glory but just took out the best of the “humanity in her” for the sake of millions of defenceless civilians and even for those people who are devoid of humanity and perpetrates inhuman acts against fellow human beings.

Having said that, going by the analysis of various international monitoring agencies, including those of the United Nations, it is clear that the Government of India made an “over-zealous effort to integrate the people of the North East into their so-called national mainstream by using the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act”. Therefore, this is a deliberate policy of the Government of India against the people of North East starting with the Naga Movement as one of the first group of people who asserted their identities as – Nagas and “not Indians” and launched a political movement which turned into an armed resistance movement under military compulsion. Continue reading

Final Report and Resolution of the Delhi Convention on Kashmir-Azadi the Only Way

The convention on Kashmir that was held on the 21 October 2010 proved to be historic in every aspect given the topicality of the issue. As can be noticed from the title of the convention itself we at the CRPP [Committee for the Release of Political Prisoners] thought it necessary to pose the question directly, as the people of Kashmir in their persistent struggle for their right to self-determination braving the repressive apparatus of the Indian State had dared even in their death.

When people are being killed in hundreds; maimed, tortured, raped and put behind bars in thousands; it is of utmost significance as a responsible body which gives paramount importance to right to life, liberty and equality, right to freedom of speech and movement and last but not the least the fundamental right to raise one’s voice and resist all forms of oppression and exploitation, it was of necessity to stand up for the fundamental right of the people of Jammu &Kashmir—their inalienable right to determine their own future, their Right to Self Determination.

What better way can one make oneself democratic than to be in solidarity with the genuine urge of a people in their relentless struggle for their inalienable Right to Self-Determination. It is this conviction that has given us the strength to organize this convention. And we are confident that this convention would go a long way in the hearts and minds of all freedom loving people—who cherish the word justice—as a definite step in forging the solidarities of all who have been mistreated, discriminated, oppressed and exploited.

The following is a summary of the proceeding of the convention.

S A R Geelani, the Working President of the Committee for the Release of Political Prisoners (CRPP) conducted and initiated the proceedings of the Convention on Kashmir titled ‘Azadi: The Only Way’, at the LTG Auditorium, New Delhi on 21 October 2010 by welcoming the chief guest, the speakers and the audience on behalf of CRPP. He recalled that in just the past four months, more than 100 people -mostly teenagers- have been martyred in Kashmir. He recounted how a small boy was brutally beaten to death by the CRPF, which was just one example of the untold atrocities and oppression committed by the occupation forces of India. Thousands have been injured, many have been blinded, raped, maimed and yet many are languishing in prison. Continue reading

Getting Difficult for India to Control Manipur


L) Obstacles put up along NH-39 and a deserted street in Imphal due to a bandh


79 bandhs, 10 blockades in recent times take a heavy toll on State

The Sangai Express, Imphal, September 22, 2010

From January 2009 till the current month, Manipur witnessed as many as 79 bandhs and highway blockades ten times.These frequent bandhs and blockades have caused loss of 1/9th of the State per capita income.  According to a Government report, normal life was disrupted by 19 State-wide bandhs last year.

At the district level, there was a district level bandh once in Senapati, twice in Ukhrul, once in Tamenglong, twice in Chandel, once in Thoubal and once in Churachandpur.

In addition, the State witnessed hill districts bandh eight times. There were no separate district-level bandhs in Bishnupur, Imphal East and Imphal West. There were bandhs on National Highways five times and another bandh in Naga dominated districts. Continue reading

Indian-Occupied Manipur: Brutality of Police Commandos Caught on Video

On May 6th 2010, Manipur armed policemen swooped down upon Naga peace rallyists at Mao Gate, 42 kms from Nagaland capital Kohima, perpetrating one of the biggest violations of human rights by combat-hardened Manipur IRBs and Commandos.

On that fateful day, thousands of Mao residents came out to decry the dismantling of the traditional welcome gate erected to welcome the Naga leader, Th. Muivah on 7th May, 2010, and also to demand passage to its leader who was embarking on a goodwill peace journey to his ancestral village, Somdal in Manipur’s Ukhrul district. However, as peace marchers approached the main town area, the armed policemen rained down with indiscriminate firing of canisters, rubber bullets and AK assault bullets, killing two innocent students on the spot and injuring over a hundred rallyists and also created a war-like situation, gripping the town with fear.

Several local leaders, community elders and students were tortured inhumanely. Interestingly, dozens of the Imphal-based media persons covering the event at Mao Gate on that fateful day shied away from coming out with the truth on the barbaric conduct of the Manipur IRBs & Commandos. This footage was clandestinely taken from a safe distance by a national-based camera person and may perhaps be the only living document to what actually happened at Mao Gate.

Background to the National Liberation Struggle in Manipur: Kangleipak Communist Party

Protest against fake encounters/assassinations by Indian Army

September 22, 2010

An Open letter to Revolutionary Parties of South East Asia

Manipur in Brief

Manipur, one of the occupied seven States in India’s North Eastern Region, is in deep social and political turmoil. The national liberation struggle to restore Manipuri sovereign independence and the massive counter-insurgency measures by the Indian State forces have resulted in a disturbing situation of armed conflict. Thousands of innocent peoples have been killed, hundreds have disappeared from custody, and many women have been raped by the Indian State forces in the process of ruthless counter-insurgency operations. The entire state is filled with personal tragedies of families who lost their sons & daughters, and with young men de-capacitated, maimed and psychologically shattered without renewable capacity for rehabilitation. The impact of the armed conflict is severely felt by women and children.

The state’s productive forces, particularly women, had been undermined resulting in deep urban and rural poverty, thereby adding to the cycle of violence. Under the so-called democratic system of India, corruption in public life had reached unprecedented depths and the body polity is rent apart, the division between the haves and have-nots had widened, and family unity and family values had been shattered through severe economic strain.

The state which was self-sufficient in history is now reduced to a position of critical dependence on India’s doles, and the State government of Manipur is unable to pay even the salaries for its employees regularly. Complete loss of initiative for economic growth keeping the State as a captive market for India had perpetuated a system of colonialism which is undermining the basic parameters for dignified living of its citizens. The people of Manipur want freedom and independence, and India wants to continue their colonial occupation. What is the cause for this conflict situation? Continue reading

Women in India Unite against Sexual Violence and State Repression

Overview: In October, 2009, about 25 organisations from across India met in Bhopal to address the increasingly rampant use of sexual violence as a method of State repression.  While women’s organisations in states under the AFSPA have long protested the gory list of rapes, murders and disappearances of women in their regions, the State, rather than heed the call of justice and contain its security forces and police, is continuing its violence on women’s bodies as a method of intimidating communities across even more regions of India.

Even as the women of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura and Jammu & Kashmir continue to reel under the ongoing brutalities committed by both the armed forces and the insurgents, the deployment of the paramilitary, the army regiments and the state police commando units in substantial parts of Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa and West Bengal makes a mockery of the State’s Constitutional commitment to protect its own citizens.

Under the broad banner of “Women against Sexual Violence and State Repression” we have come together to strongly and unitedly say “NO ….NOWHERE….NEVER…and NOT ON ANY PRETEXT” to sexual violence against women. Continue reading

Manipur National Liberation Front Calls for Coordinated Struggle

Manipuri women protest fake encounters


The Sangai Express, February 10, 2010

Imphal:  The proscribed United National Liberation Front (UNLF) has underscored the crucial importance of close coordination among insurgent groups of Manipur and waging the liberation movement collectively.

 While greeting the people as well as fraternal armed revolutionary groups of Manipur on the 23rd raising day of the Manipur People’s Army (MPA), the UNLF noted that one major factor for the failure to carry forward the liberation movement to the desired pace has been the inability of revolutionary groups to work together.

A statement issued by Chairman of the UNLF, Military Affairs Committee Sana Yaima conceded that it would be really hard for any single group to bring the liberation movement to a higher plane even if they may be receiving support and assistance from the people and foreign countries.

The prevailing situation is an indicator of this fact.

 What is most crucial in the present situation is close coordination among revolutionary groups and fighting the security forces collectively.

 Even as different revolutionary groups have underscored the importance of effective coordination, very little practical steps have been initiated to chalk out a common plan of fighting against the security forces collectively, Sana Yaima noted.

 Failure to forge ahead with what is demanded would result in revolutionary groups losing their revolutionary characters and ultimately dragging the liberation movement in reverse gear.

Highlighting all these pressing factors, the UNLF MAC put up the proposal to other revolutionary groups anew for collective struggle against the alien rule. 

Joint struggle by revolutionary groups would certainly help them stand in a vantage position, more importantly it would go a long way in winning unflinching faith of the people.

 Once the people’s faith is won, nothing can stand on the way of the revolutionary movement, Sana Yaima excluded. Continue reading

Maoists Manufacturing AK Rifles

This article was published in Times of India on January 18, 2010.

NEW DELHI: Maoists may have been dependent on weapons looted from armouries but now they have developed the expertise to clone sophisticated weapons, including assault rifles of AK series, in a development that should worry security agencies as they brace for the offensive against the ultras.

Security agencies came across the Maoists’ innovative skills last week when a CRPF team busted an arms manufacturing unit in forests close to Gobardaha village in Chatra district in Jharkhand and recovered a number of ‘duplicate’ AK-47 and AK-57 rifles of “high standard”.

The CRPF also seized as many as 59 different types of instruments, which were used to manufacture and assemble these rifles and various types of pistols. An official said, “Around 100 personnel of the CRPF’s 190th Battalion conducted the operation and arrested one Maoist. Though the rest of the ultras fled away, they left behind the instruments used in making not only duplicate AK series rifles but also pistols of different makes.”

The preliminary examination of weapons seized from the arms manufacturing unit showed that the quality of the rifles was as good as original AK series rifles. Five improvised explosive devices (IEDs) weighing 15 kg each were also seized during the operation, launched on the basis of specific intelligence input.

The official said, “Though security forces have busted other arms manufacturing units of the Maoists in Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh in the past, they have for the first time come across such sophisticated weapons of high standard, manufactured by the ultras.”

The first big arms manufacturing unit of the Maoists was busted by Andhra Pradesh in 2006 when they recovered a huge stock of rocket shells and launchers in the state. Probe later revealed that the Maoists’ technical wing designed the launchers and initially made them at a foundry in Chennai.

Manipur: United National Liberation Front Calls for Intensified Struggle on its 45th Anniversary

This statement was posted on KanglaOnline.

The Imphal Free Press

IMPHAL, Nov 23: The central committee of the UNLF extended its greetings to the entire people of Manipur on the occasion of the 45th anniversary of the party. The press statement also contained the party`s annual statement for the year 2009. It said the current year recorded the maximum number of killings by the government ever since the annexation of Manipur on October 15, 1949.

Central and state forces together accounted for 700 innocent people killed during year alone it said.  ”They have humiliated even media persons in trying to intimidate them against reporting the truth about the killings of innocent peoples thus infringing upon the `freedom of the Press`.” the UNLF annual report said.

It also claimed that “Under the colonial captive market economy, the prices of essential commodities have touched the sky pushing the common people, numbering above 80% of the population, to extreme hardships.” This has resulted in various kinds of crimes unheard of before in Manipur, it added.  On the other hand, it said several armed groups still continue their extortion frenzy resorting to reckless bombing and random firing for non compliance. “Taking advantage of this situation, a few gangs of state police commandos are also indulging in extortionist crimes,” it said.

It admitted revolutionary parties fighting for Manipur`s independence have so far failed to fight together against India and rally the masses under a common banner. Thus the present situation has pushed Manipur into a crucial period of transition which will decide the fate of the national liberation struggle itself, it said.  Thus the future of the liberation struggle now depends on the ability or inability of the revolutionary parties to do what they should do at this crucial juncture, it said. Continue reading

Joint Agreement between CPI(Maoist) and Revolutionary People’s Front of Manipur

click for map showing Manipur at India's eastern border

A two days joint meeting was held between the Communist Party Of India
(Maoist) and the Revolutionary People’s Front (RPF) at the Council
Head Quarters of the Revolutionary People’s Front on 21-22 October
2008. At that meeting, both sides have unanimously condemned the
hegemonic capitalist design of the Indian regime and have agreed to
consolidate the mutual understanding and friendship, further more agreed
firmly to stand hand in hand to overthrow the common enemy, the present
Indian reactionary regime and to gain political goals of the respective
two Parties.

The CPI (Maoist) strongly condemned the annexation of Manipur by the
Dominion of India, which was done under the instigation of reactionary
Indian Congress led by Gandhi, Nehru and Sardar Patel and their
hegemonic and colonial designed. The so-called Merger Agreement of
Manipur with the Dominion of India was, indeed, illegal and

The very verdict was given by the two days convention on Manipur Merger Agreement held at GM Hall, Imphal, on 22-29 October 1993. Now it becomes the voice of the people of Manipur.

A revolutionary movement was born under the leadership of Comrade Hijam
Irabot to liberate Manipur from the yoke of the British remnant India
style Black Raj. As a continuation of liberation struggle and a total
revolution, the Revolutionary People’s Front has been struggling for
their political rights to self-determination. Therefore, the CPI
(Maoist) upholds the true nature of the revolutionary movement in
Manipur and support the liberation struggle recognizing the sovereignty
of Manipur.

Moreover, the Revolutionary People’s Front stands and supports the
revolutionary movement of the CPI (Maoist) as well. The downtrodden
proletariat Peoples of all over India are facing the suppression and
subjugation of the reactionary regime of India since the departure of
the British Raj from the Indian soil. Under the new leadership of
Comrade Charu Majumdar and Comrade Kanhai Chatterjee two streams of
revolutionary movement was founded in 1969 to give the Indian people the
rights to political emancipation. Comrade Charu Majumdar was
assassinated by the repressive Indian regime in the police custody and
Comrade Kanhai Chatterjee embraced martyrdom in 1982 suffering from
kidney failure. Continue reading