By Samuel Sockol and Joel Greenberg, Washington Post, Sunday, June 5, 2011
Unlike a similar effort last month, in which marchers from Syria caught the Israeli army unprepared and breached the frontier, soldiers Sunday were waiting for the demonstrators and used gunfire to hold them back.
When scores of marchers tried to cross a trench and earth berms topped with razor wire that had been put up by the Israeli military to block their approach, army sharpshooters opened fire from a border fence about 150 yards away.
The army spokesman said that troops had fired warning shots before shooting at the legs of the demonstrators. The gunfire was accompanied by loudspeaker warnings in Arabic that anyone who approached the border fence was “endangering himself.”
Despite the intermittent gunfire, scores of protesters continued to stream toward the border, planting flags and holding a mass prayer behind the earth berms. Other groups of protesters carried off casualties, struggling back up the hillside in Syrian territory.
Another confrontation developed near the abandoned Syrian border town of Quneitra, where scores of protesters gathered on rooftops and near the fence with the Golan Heights, some hurling stones at Israeli soldiers, who responded with teargas, stun grenades and warnings delivered via loudspeaker that “anyone who tries to cross the border will be killed.” Troops later opened fire when the crowd surged toward the border.
SANA, the official Syrian news agency, said that a local hospital had received the bodies of 22 dead, and that more than 350 were injured, some critically. The Israeli army said earlier in the day that it knew of 12 casualties.
“There are extremist forces around us who are trying to breach our borders and threaten our communities and citizens,” Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu said in remarks before the weekly meeting of his cabinet. “We will not allow them to do so. I have instructed the security forces to act with the maximum restraint possible, but with determination to protect our sovereignty, borders, communities and citizens.”
Mahmoud Safadi, a resident of Majdal Shams, who watched the confrontations, said the army had responded with excessive force. “People come unarmed to express their anger peacefully and they are confronted by snipers who shoot them,” he said. “There’s no teargas or rubber bullets. Just live fire.”
However shortly before sunset, troops fired heavy volleys of teargas to clear out the protesters, pushing many of them back. That set off stone-throwing by villagers at Majdal Shams, who had gathered near the border throughout the day, chanting slogans and waving Palestinian and Syrian flags.
In the West Bank, Israeli forces clashed with stone-throwing protesters for hours at the Qalandiaya checkpoint between Ramallah and Jerusalem, using teargas and stun grenades, after a march toward the checkpoint was blocked.
An attempt to march toward the Israeli settlement of Elon Moreh near Nablus was also broken up by troops.
In the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip, police prevented a few hundred demonstrators from approaching the border with Israel near the Erez Crossing, in an effort by the government to avoid an escalation along the frontier.
Despite the reported casualty toll, the scope of Sunday’s protests was more modest than the coordinated marches May 15, when thousands of Palestinians converged on Israel’s borders from Syria, Lebanon, the West Bank and Gaza Strip to mark the anniversary of the establishment of Israel in 1948, and their displacement in the war that followed. Fourteen people were killed after the frontier was breached in the Golan and protesters approached the border fence in Lebanon.
The Israeli-Lebanese frontier was quiet Sunday, after planned protests were canceled under pressure from the Lebanese government. The Lebanese army declared the border a closed military zone. Media reports from Lebanon said that diplomats from the United States and the United Nations had pressed Lebanese authorities to prevent a recurrence of last month’s deadly clashes.
Special correspondent Sockol reported from Majdal Shams. Special correspondent Sufian Taha reported from Qalandiya.