Nepal: “Let us raise the flag of revolution high”

[This article by Rishi Raj Baral is a detailed commentary on the recent and current events within the Maoist party in Nepal, the UCPN(M),  on the occasion of the current central committee meeting.  This meeting will, by many accounts, bring to an end the two-line inner-party struggle.  This struggle over strategic line and direction has been conducted over the years since the conclusion of the People’s War (five years ago) and its replacement by the Comprehensive Peace Agreement to share governmental administrative power with the bourgeois parties.  This article provides a detailed narrative of events leading to the present, and provides the author’s assessment of the juncture now reached. We urge all friends of the revolution in Nepal and all concerned about this juncture for the international movement, to study this article. — Frontlines ed.]

by Rishi Raj Baral, convener of Revolutionary Intellectual–Cultural Forum, Nepal

The central committee meeting of UNCP( Maoist) is going on and there is a sharp debate and discussion upon the document of Pushpa Kamal Dahal and Comrade Mohan Baidhya. In the name of party’s decision Dahal group may succeed to gain the technical majority. Then it is clear, it will be the betrayal of the revolution and deceit to the party workers and cadres.Now, it is crystal clear that there is nothing but a little bit faith on revolution in the mind of Pushpa Kamal Dahal. After all  ‘Prachanda’ came out in his real color.

Before the PLA ceased military operations in 2006, the people's war was successfully leading the peasantry in over three-fourths of the country, breaking the chains of feudal oppression and beginning to establish the instruments of popular governance and power.

Chunwang meeting was not only a predetermined plan to abandon revolution, the people’s war but also was the abandonment of Marxism–Leninism and Maoism. In fact, Chunwang meeting was the preparation for bourgeois political system and  so called democracy. It also proved that Prachanda can adopt and accept every thing, is even ready to make close contact with the reactionary powers outside the country for the sake of his own interests and for exercising power. It has been clear that he will not hesitate even to betray the heroic and sacrificial history of the Nepalese people for his personal interest and power. It is obvious that his slogan of nationalism and national independence is a mere show and a rubbish propaganda. Publicly, he opposes the Indian expansionist, but in reality he is the supporter of Indian expansionist.

In the name of creativity, Prachanda is always thinking of ways to gain more power. Like a chameleon changing its color, sometimes he pretends himself as a revolutionary and becomes close to revolutionary leaders within the party and sometimes he becomes close to reformists and revisionists (most of the time he makes his closeness to the reformists and revisionism of the party)  within the party to remain constantly in the party leadership. There should not be any confusion that in general, Prachanda seems to be a centrist–opportunist but in fact, he is a rightist– reformist. During the people’s war, after the conspiratorial capture of Comrade Mohan Baidhya, Prachanda enjoyed his time with the revisionists of the party. Then he compromised with Indian expansionists.

He knows how to play with the words; playing with the words he opposed the People’s War ideologically and sowed the seeds of liquidation in the party in the Chunwang meeting. Now there is no confusion that Chunwang meeting was a predetermined program to betray the revolution, the people’s war and Marxism–Leninism and Maoism. The present meeting is going to be the repetition of the same ‘Popular Drama’.

After the so called ‘peace process’ the ten years people’s war was abandoned legally.  But after the release of Comrade Kiran and Comrade  Gaurav from Indian jail, there began a serious study and analysis of the decisions of Chunwang meeting. Prachanda tried to take Comrade Kiran and Gaurav along with him. Instead of compromising with Prachanda and betraying the revolution, comrade Kiran and Gaurav raised the flag of revolution and there occurred a sharp two line struggle between reformists and revolutionary Marxists.  Two line struggle intensified and Prachanda was compelled to call the extended meeting, which is known as Balaju meeting. This meeting was held in August 2007 and to some extent this meeting was able to prevent the party from being revisionist. But after some days, Prachanda made close relationship with the revisionists within the party and again became active to make ‘good relation’ with–Indian reactionaries. It raised many questions and again took sharp two line struggle within the party. The plenum, which is known as Kharipati   meeting, was its consequence.

In Kharipati meeting the centrist and rightist group were united and they stood against the revolutionaries. But there also revolutionaries succeeded  to prevent the party from being revisionist.  After a lot of debate, discussion and analysis revolutionaries decided to move forward in the leadership of Prachanda. But revolutionaries continued the two line struggle. They decided to move ahead watching and warning the leadership.

It’s a matter of irony; again he repeated his habitual behavior– doing everything in words but nothing in action. It seemed like he was talking of climbing the Mt. Everest and sliding down towards the Indian ocean. Again he deceived the Nepalese people. He did not implement any of the resolutions passed by Kharipati meeting. There was a great contrast in his words and actions. In the name of peace and building the constitution, he again began to exercise the politics of bourgeois republic. He had no faith on the heroic history of the people and the great power of the people. Outwardly, he seemed as if he is raising the flag of revolution and national independence, but in his mind, he was always restless to compromise with the Indian expansionists.

Palungtar meeting passed the resolution of People’s revolt. The Maoist party had adopted the line of revolt through a majority vote at a central committee meeting held a few days after the Palungtar plenum. For few days, Prachanda  took the name of People’s revolt. But after some days, when he realized the situation is in favor of him, he again started repeating the words ‘Shanti ra Sambidhan’, that means–’Peace and constitution.’ Then he started the journey of Singapore to please the Indian reactionaries. He kept the resolution, passed by 1500 delegates of Palungtar plenum, in shadow. It created anarchism and deadlock within the party and naturally it sharpened two line struggle within the party.

It was not a matter of surprise that he was habituated to become close to one or the other group for his own interest.  He made political and ideological compromise with the rightist group within the party. Finally, Prachanda came out in his real color. The document presented in this last meeting is the clear evidence of his treacherous role.  This document advocates the revisionism and national surrender.

The main character of Prachanda is metaphysical attitudes in philosophy, pluralism in Politics and consumerism and utilitarian in practice. In general, Prachanda seems as a centrist–opportunist, but in essence his political line is of rightist reformism. Babu Ram Bhattarai is clear in his politics, no doubt he is a leading figure pleading the Indian expansionist and bourgeois democracy within the Maoist party. Babu Ram has exposed himself as an Indian supporter and Prachanda is a supporter in disguise. Only this is the difference between them. In reality, in the ideological field, there isn’t any difference between Prachanda and Baburam, the only question is who leads the rightist camp.

The document presented by Prachanda in this meeting, is the repetition and continuation of Chungwang meeting. This is a great deceit to the revolution and martyrs of the Great People’s war. The Nepalese reactionaries and reactionaries of abroad have praised this ‘ historical’ document. They have congratulated him too. It is not a new thing, those who betray the revolution, are always praised by the reactionaries.  It is known to all that recently Oli “comrade” ( a notorious leader of UML) had invited Babu Ram to join his party.  Really, a serious ideological deviation has bedeviled the Maoist chairman . Now the open journey of rightist deviation starts from this point. It is a grave betrayal against the proletariat and their dream of revolution.  This will be the negative example for the revolutionaries of 21st century.

These events have created great challenges and responsibilities to the revolutionaries within the Maoist party. In the two line struggle if revolutionaries have to accept the revisionist, it will be the surrender  to them. Indeed, Liquidation or revolution? — there are only two alternatives to choose from. The revolutionaries have both, challenges and possibilities. Revolutionaries should learn from the history of communist movements of the world.  But the real thing is–they have to work not by emotion but by reason and conscience. We can guess that the revolutionaries may face the situation of Naxalbari uprising and the situation of Com. Charu Mazumdar. But we know it is the age of 21st century and Nepalese people have gained the experience to fight against the reactionaries and revisionists.

Now it is necessary to give continuation to the revolution to safeguard the achievements and values of the Great people’s war.  Likewise, safeguarding the revolutionaries, their development and preventing it from left liquidation and deviation are the challenges revolutionary camp will face in coming days.

We all know that in the name of objective reality, counter revolution and insufficient homework for the revolt, the party leadership wants to overthrow the party into the revisionism line. Really, there is  a risk of counter revolution, not from reactionaries but from the Maoist leadership itself. It has gone astray, it has deviated from the line and spirit of Palungtar meeting.  Revolutionaries should not remain mute spectators and make last effort to implement the decision of Palungtar. But it seems that there is no possibility for this.

The main leader is not eager to go ahead leading the Palungtar spirit. If the main leader is not ready for this then there is no other way to move the vehicle of revolution except to break relations with the revisionists. To prepare mentally and physically for this kind of movement is the only correct way shown by the history. We must be ready to denounce the revisionists and raise the flag of MLM and revolution. Yes, let us raise the flag of revolution high.

( Baral is the convener of Revolutionary Intellectual–cultural Forum, Nepal)


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